Optimizing & Calculating Ending Inventory



By doing this, you can effectively locate and manage your raw materials inventory. In ecommerce inventory management, ending inventory (or closing inventory) holds significant importance. It refers to the value of goods that remain in stock at the end of an accounting period. Calculating ending inventory accurately is crucial for determining the cost of goods sold (COGS) and subsequently assessing the financial health of a business. The alternative inventory turnover formula for calculating turnover uses the total annual sales of your restaurant and divides it by your average inventory.

But if mark up on items vary i.e. some are 25%, others 30% and so on, this method can be hard to apply, as it won’t be so accurate. This method can be used when you need to estimate how much inventory you are holding. If prices drop or unforeseen events occur, the percentage could be very different, making the figures incorrect overall. Divide this by 400 and you have £3.25, which is the weighted average. As an example, imagine you purchase five items at £15 each and then a few months later, another five at £20.

Quick Service Restaurant/Franchise Example:

If you want to learn something more about gross profit, be sure to check out our Gross Profit Calculator, also be sure to check out our official site. Obsolescence can also occur if a newer edition of the same product is introducing while the existing version’s inventory is still available. In the ever-changing technological business, this sort of circumstance is most typical. Say you have 100 units of Raw Material A, which cost $10 per unit, and 200 units of Raw Material B, which cost $15 per unit. With over 40 years of operational expertise, we give our customers trusted solutions, quality service, and flawless fulfillment.

Thanks to The Balance, we have examples of both McDonald’s and Wendy’s turnover rate from 1999 to 2000. Now you have your inventory turn rate, this can be used to compare your restaurant to other similar concepts in your market. You have a million things to think about every day and inventory management isn’t always a top priority. Creditors are particularly interested in this because inventory is often put up as collateral for loans.

  • To establish your turnover ratio, you’ll need good inventory control, also known as stock control, where the company knows exactly what it has on hand.
  • A physical inventory count can result in a more accurate ending inventory.
  • If the company can’t sell these greater amounts of inventory, it will incur storage costs and other holding costs.
  • The computation of the turnover ratio is by dividing the cost of products sold by the average inventory during the same time period.
  • The starting point is to total the number of goods that you have available for sale i.e. beginning inventory and any new items purchased.

To effectively manage raw materials inventory, you need to track quantities, costs, reorder points, and supplier information. We’ve made it super easy to calculate your current inventory turnover rate with a free calculator and guide. To lower food waste and avoid spoilage, you’ll want to make sure your turnover rate is high.


The inventory turnover ratio is calculated by dividing the cost of goods sold for a period by the average inventory for that period. Maintaining raw materials inventory ensures a smooth production process, meeting customer demand promptly and reducing lead times. This ratio is important because total turnover depends on two main components of performance. If larger amounts of inventory are purchased during the year, the company will have to sell greater amounts of inventory to improve its turnover.

Which method you decide to use will affect many processes and procedures, including budgeting, reordering quantities and growth profit. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Please explain it to me step by step, and maybe using examples as well. No matter which ratio you decide to use, it’s important that when comparing your rate to others, you specify whether it’s COS or Total Sales. Your ITR is used to help assess how well your restaurant is operating in comparison to other concepts and the industry as a whole.

How do you find ending inventory without COGS?

This is because some of the items in a retail store might have been damaged, stolen or lost. You should know that when you apply the retail method to value your inventory, it could only ever provide an approximate stock value. This is the simplest way of valuing inventory and if your products in-store are the same, it works well. LIFO works on the principle that the goods purchased last are the ones sold.

Weighted average cost method (WAC)

Although the average ITR for restaurants was 9.19, rates will vary based on the concept(s) you own. A quick-service restaurant like McDonald’s will have a very different ITR than say, a single-unit barbecue joint. An ITR also provides you with valuable insight into how your business is doing with inventory, sales, and cost. Managing your restaurant’s inventory sometimes get pushed to the backburner. Inventory turnover is a measure of how efficiently a company can control its merchandise, so it is important to have a high turn.

Remember to update your raw materials inventory regularly to reflect any purchases, usage, or changes in quantities. This ensures you make accurate calculations and helps you make data-driven decisions about reordering and managing your inventory effectively. Our QuickBooks raw material calculator will automatically work out your beginning raw materials inventory number.

What is ending inventory in accounting?

The starting point is to total the number of goods that you have available for sale i.e. beginning inventory and any new items purchased. If the business is a manufacturer that buys goods in as components then such things as labour costs and overheads would need to be included, making the gross profit method unreliable. It is best to only use this method if the company involved is a retailer or e-commerce fulfilment store that purely buys and sells one type of product. This method works on the basis that the inventory purchased first was sold. The cost of the stock purchased is added to the cost of goods sold. Restaurants with too much inventory on hand risk not being as productive as they could be, consequently risking food waste or stockpiling.

Because there are so many ways of working out the ending inventory sum, it is best to find the one most suited to your business and then stick with it. It cannot be used for all annual reports as it only gives bookkeeping insurance an estimate of the value of the ending inventory, not an actual figure. Using the same example as above, imagine you purchase five items at £15 each and then a few months later, another five at £20.

Typically, you want as little money as possible tied up in inventory that’s not moving. It’s fine to have inventory recorded on your balance sheets, but you’ll want to make sure you’re not under/over-ordering or risking food waste. This measurement also shows investors how liquid a company’s inventory is. Inventory is one of the biggest assets a retailer reports on its balance sheet.

This is essential for tracking quantities and costs and helps maintain a smooth production process. Here’s everything you need to calculate your raw materials inventory and why you should consistently monitor your inventory levels. The inventory turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that shows how effectively inventory is managed by comparing cost of goods sold with average inventory for a period. This measures how many times average inventory is “turned” or sold during a period.

systems The inventory records of Kuffel Co. reflected the following information

If the company can’t sell these greater amounts of inventory, it will incur storage costs and other holding costs. Our Ending Inventory Calculator is worth it at the end of an accounting period. You’ll be able to find out how to compute the final inventory value that goes into your balance sheet fast and easily using this tool. In addition, you’ll be able to calculate inventory turnover to see how well your product is selling.