21st Century QA: Test Plans vs Test Strategies



Unlike a test plan, a test strategy is also a relevant document on the organizational level since it has a holistic reference to the testing methodologies taken by the organization. In addition, at the project level, it is a great savior from extra cost, inconsistencies, and time. It is an ideal way of providing relevant information systematically to the stakeholders.

  • It has a simple onboarding process that makes web and app testing a breeze.
  • Before any testing activities begin, the Test strategy document can distribute to the entire testing team.
  • Automated Selenium testing should augment manual tests so that testers do not neglect any bugs in the Quality Assurance procedure.
  • While testing software projects, certain test cases will be treated as the most important ones, and if they fail the product cannot be released.
  • Add details as to which team or individual is responsible for the competition of the particular task in that given schedule.
  • In a requirements traceability matrix, the rows will have the requirements.

The role of test teams can be compared to that of a quality assurance department in a business or an industry. And while assuring the standards of the software product, test strategy plays a key role. It consists of the set of rules & regulations that the project needs to clear throughout the SDLC, especially testing.
The naming convention for the documents and files must also be mentioned. While testing software projects, certain test cases will be treated as the most important ones, and if they fail the product cannot be released. Some other test cases may be of lesser functional importance, or even cosmetic and if they fail, we can release the product without much compromise on the functionality. Despite understanding the importance of having a test strategy, many organizations still struggle to do it.
It is a pretty rigid document but has an enormous scope of flexibility at the microscopic level. With such intricacies, designing the strategy becomes a seemingly formidable task. However, if ideal considerations, proper procedure, and expert recommendations are followed tenaciously, this complex task can become surprisingly effortless. Product development is a rather dynamic process, and test managers must be completely aware of it. Various factors, such as newly discovered defects, input from users/stakeholders, new updates, etc., may lead to the need for changes in approach. A test summary is a frequently overlooked yet essential aspect of a strategy document.

Step 2 Test Approach: Our Plan of Action

Any risks that will affect the testing process must be listed along with the mitigation. By documenting a risk, its occurrence can be anticipated well ahead of time. Proactive action may be taken to prevent it from occurring, or to mitigate its damage. Sample risks are dependency of completion of coding done by sub-contractors, or capability of testing tools. All of the actors above will probably be involved in the creation of test plans at some point. The specifics of how those plans are expressed depend on the type of testing, the knowledge level of the person and the project to be tested.

Now that we have understood what a test plan and a test strategy is, we can focus on the difference between a test plan and a test strategy. But before jumping off the deep end with the detailed differences, let’s first take a look at the key differences between the two. This includes questions like ‘what are the objectives of the testing process?

Testing in Production: Why It’s Part of Any Modern QA Strategy

They may furthermore give a list of connection categories, operating systems, anti-malware software, etc. against which they need the application to be tested. The testers may then utilize various methods like testing pairwise or equivalence partitioning methods depending upon the priority of the items in the provided lists. In this strategy, the testing team selects an existing or foreseen situation and builds a model for it, taking into account inputs, outputs, procedures, and apparent behavior. The models are furthermore developed according to existing software, hardware, data speeds, infrastructure, etc.

You will want to create your own format based on your own needs and context. Now, we need to think about which aspects of ordering have the greatest need for correctness, such as tax computation, shipping rates, etc. That leads us to define different types of customers to test through the ordering process.

Software Testing MCQ

The reality is that a test strategy is perhaps one of the most common test planning documents you can create, but it is not the same as a test plan. However, a test strategy https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ is an ideal basis for a test plan and can help prevent planning the wrong test. Enlist the estimated schedule of every measure taken in the process of strategy.
Once the test strategy has been written, we cannot modify it, and it is approved by the Project Manager, development team. In this section, we are going to understand the test strategy documentation, which is an integral part of testing documentation. Since we have seen what the key differences are, it’s time to focus on the detailed difference between the test plan and test strategy.
test strategy definition
Below is a list of recommended practices that can significantly improve the strategy’s quality, performance, and implementation. There is an ordinary and good strategy, and then there is a killer test strategy. But what exactly makes a killer strategy different from an ordinary one? Well, a few factors, or practices, lead the test strategy from being just another document to something special. Risks may also be classified based on likelihood and tolerability.
test strategy definition
Hopefully, this article has provided the information you need to create one of the most powerful forms of test planning – the test strategy. One thing I have realized after teaching this for over 30 years is that test strategy creation requires experience and judgement. While any strategy may have flaws, experience helps to reduce those flaws. So, that test strategy allows everyone to understand how one of the most critical and time-consuming tasks will be performed. If you can’t get people together even for one to two hours, then you may have to write the test strategy as a solo effort.
Test Manager should be able to decide on an adequate testing strategy for the project based on the project needs as well as the companies needs. In SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle), the test strategy document plays an important role. It includes various significant aspects, such as who will implement the testing, what will be tested, how it will be succeeded, and what risks and incidents will be are related to it. We can write the test strategy based on development design documents.
test strategy definition
Since it resides at the organizational level, a test strategy affects all projects carried out by the organization. On the other hand, test plans are usually tied to a single project due to the different testing needs of each application. Various types of testing are performed to achieve different objectives when testing components or systems. A test strategy is not a substitute for a test plan, but there may be times when just a test strategy may suffice in communication goals, risks and responsibilities of a test. The higher the scope, risk and complexity, the greater is the need for good communication and planning, which a test plan can help achieve.

test strategy definition

All of these items in the document should be carefully reviewed by the business team, the QA Lead, and the Development Team Lead. From this document, you will be able to develop detailed test plans for sub-projects, or for each iteration of the sprint. We can combine the two or more strategies as per the needs of the product and organization’s requirements. And it is not necessary to use any one of the above listed test strategies for any testing project. A Test strategy document answers all the questions like what you want to get done and how you are going to accomplish it, etc. Writing an effective Strategy document is a skill that a tester develops with experience.